Will Turkey Become A Member of the EU?

Posted By Anders On June 26, 2008 @ 00:14 In English, Euromed | No Comments

[1] As[2] EurActiv[2]    has it: “Last April, Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn, was backed by the EU's High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy, Javier Solana:  They both specified that if a ban on the governing Turkish party, AKP,  is introduced, the country's accession negotiations, which  started in 2005, will be stopped,
says the blog, outlining many other cases of parties being banned "for allegedly violating the constitution". Rehn and Solana are totally on the AKP side.

[1] CNN- June 5, 2008: "Turkey's Constitutional Court has upheld a ban on wearing Muslim headscarves at the country's universities. In a separate case at the Constitutional Court, Turkey's chief prosecutor is seeking to disband the ruling party because it is "the focal point of anti-secular activities." The headscarf issue is given as one example of such alleged anti-secularism.
The Constitutional Court ruling is seen as a weather vane for a ruling on the AK party".

From CNN. The following pictures are from the blog "Politically Incorrect".

The attitude within the EU Commission has so far been to see such a dissolution as an antidemocratic step, the AKP being elected by the Turkish electorate – even because it is fundamentalistically Islamic, as shown by  certain horrifying statements [3] here and  [4] here by its leader, Tayyip Erdogan, and the infamous [5] article 301 of the Turkish penal code.

However, [6] lately more scepticism and demands for reforms within Turkey have emanated from the Commission, especially from its Commissioner for Enlargement, Olli Rehn – and its President, José Barroso.

[7] Turks losing trust in EU 
Since negotiations on Turkish admission to the EU were officially launched in October 2005 and celebrated with much fanfare, the momentum of Turkish government reforms has slowed dramatically, which appears to be at least partly due to the constant drop in public support for EU accession.  

Children in Hamburg

The autumn 2007 Eurobarometer survey conducted by TNS Opinion revealed that only 49% of the Turks still consider EU membership a "good thing". However, on June 2, 2008, the EU Observer reported 62% of Turks to be in favour of joining the EU!

Asked in June 2007 to name the country which they would most associate with 'warm feelings', more Turks cited arch enemy Iran as their answer than the EU, according to a Transatlantic Trend survey carried out in 11 selected EU member states. On a scale from 0 to 100 degrees, the EU only reached 22 degrees - a 20-degree drop compared to 2006. 

Moreover, the majority of Turks considered EU global leadership 'undesirable' (54%). 

85% of Europeans insist that Turkey cannot join if it does not 'systematically respect human rights', according to the latest TNS Eurobarometer from autumn 2007.
Between October 2006 and October 2007, the European Court of Human Rights delivered 330 judgements finding that Turkey had violated at least one article of the European Convention on Human Rights. 

France and Germany see EU as 'Christian club'
The main dividing line appears to be religion. France's President Nicolas Sarkozy and Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel are making the case for the EU as a 'Christian club'. 
Both leaders can rely on large support from citizens of their own countries as well as others.

The populations of France and Germany along with those of Austria, Cyprus, and Greece have been most critical of the prospect of allowing Turkey to join the Union,

Sarkozy has previously pledged to hold a referendum on Turkey's accession
and during his election campaign even called for the suspension of EU talks with Turkey in favour of a 'privileged partnership', strongly supported by Merkel and her Christian Democratic Party (CDU).

Actually, [8] according to the EU Observer , the lower house of the French parliament on May 29, 2008, approved an amendment to constitutional reforms that could make it compulsory for France to hold a referendum on large countries joining the EU, in a move targeting Turkey. But of course, the Senate has now [9] blocked the proposal.

Danish TV  arranged a Miss Scarf contest.

Sarkozy recently reassured the Turkish government that the talks will continue under the French Presidency, although likely to take place at a more moderate pace, and also Merkel made clear she would stick to the commitment negotiated by the predecessor government. 

Scholars often refer to France's failure to integrate its five million-strong Muslim immigrant community when looking for reasons to explain its staunch anti-Turkey stance.
Although only 400,000 of France's Muslims are Turks, people do not distinguish between nationalities, French commentator Dominique Moisi says. "To the average Frenchman, a Turk is an Arab," while every new riot in the suburbs involving Arabs nurtures the 'no' camp, Moisi argues.

The Pew Center's 2005 and 2006 Global Attitude Polls support this argument, suggesting that citizens in EU countries with high percentages of Muslim immigrants adopt negative attitudes towards people practising Islam. Figures are remarkably high in Spain (62%) and Germany (54%) and still significant in France (35%) and the UK (20%). 

The UK
is often mentioned as an alternative example, where the 1.5? million Muslims are more or less well integrated into society.
However, this has not been enough to prevent a drop in popular support for Turkish membership in the UK, with the percentage of citizens in favour suffering a dramatic 15% decrease within two years (from 38% in 2005 to 23% in 2007).

UK Foreign Secretary David Miliband stated that the EU's clear goal could only be to have Turkey as a full member

In Germany
– home to the largest Turkish community outside home soil - riots like those in France are rather the exception, but the reputation of the Turkish population is nevertheless relatively low.
The 45 honour killings committed by Turks on German soil since 1996 are a proof of this,it is being argued.

Switzerland has new football national team tricots for the European Football Championship tournament in Switzerland - in the name of the political correctness religion of the New World Order.

This is in order not to insult the Turks who have previously taken offence at the Christian cross on Italian football tricots.

However, the Turks are tactless enough to play with their Muslim crescent on their tricots (below).
Our leaders are simply capitulating to aggressive Islam.

In Austria,
the EU's most Turkey-sceptic member, the impression that the alpine country's 200,000 Turkish immigrants have not integrated well appears to have strengthened concerns about Turkey's accession to the EU.  Austria's two biggest political parties and much of the media have
a strict anti-Turkey stance.

Like France, Austria's government has promised to hold a referendum on Turkish membership once the accession treaty has been signed. "In this context, it seems possible that in the long-term, accession referenda as proposed by Austria (and France) will block Turkey's bid to join the EU even if it fulfils all other necessary conditions," argues Antonia Ruiz Jimenez from the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

Swiss EDU- MP [10] Christian Waber :«Islam is no religion but a declaration of war to the Christian and otherwise believing world »

Europeans fear Turkish mass immigration 
Jimenez argues that Europeans' perception of "cultural differences" appears to be rooted in their fear of Muslim – not necessarily Turkish – immigration to their countries. In fact, 85% of the Europeans who believe that the cultural differences between Turkey and the EU are "too significant" also fear that Turkey's accession will bring more Muslim immigrants, according to a Eurobarometer from 2005.

Old vs. New Europe
European opposition to Turkish EU membership has risen constantly over the last decade and exceeded 50% for the first time in 2005. In 1996, opponents of Turkey's accession outnumbered supporters by just eight percent, while in 2006 the difference had grown to 35%, according to Eurobarometer. 

This development runs contrary to the general trend of more favourable attitudes to further enlargement recently,

Citizens in Hungary, Malta, the UK and Portugal are undecided, while the vast majority of countries – 19, including heavyweights Germany and France - are clearly opposed to Turkish accession.
The government of Greece, Turkey's traditional enemy, has by now -  unlike the very spectical Greek citizens - practically become a cheerleader for Ankara's EU membership. According to Athens, it is better to have Turkey in the club than outside.

Do we want Turkey in, if conditions are fulfilled?
According to this poll, only 22% see Turkish membership as a good thing. 64% of the French, 54% of the Italians and 49% of the Germans would still reject Turkey's accession in this case. "For the French, Turkey is a step too far," says Nicolas Veron. Only in Spain did supporters of Turkish admission prevail. 

All these findings indicate that EU citizens are largely immune to the elites' debates about the strategic and economic benefits of Turkish accession.

Turkey's general problem is the country's less than positive image. Thus far, positive aspects such as its good reputation as a tourist destination are being foiled by negative events.

The EU totally disregards these opinions of its populations.
On June 17, 2008 it [11] opened another 2 chapters in its negotiations with Turkey thus now totalling 8 opened chapters out of 35.

I doubt that a ban on the AKP will stop these very unpopular negotiations.
For if the Lisbon Treaty comes into power, nothing short of a world war can stop this high speed train run by religious fanatics rushing towards its terminus, the world state of the New World Order.
On the other hand, If this Treaty does not come into power it will be [12] impossible to let Turkey or other new member countries into the EU, thinks Poitr Kaczynski from the Center for European Policy Studies in Brussels. He is supported by the coming EU President, [13] Sarkozy.

However, to this EU Commissioner [14] Günter Verheugen totally disagrees: "It would be totally wrong to declare Europe a closed society. Turkey is a candidate for accession and not a hostage of the Irish NO!" (BILD d. 19. Juni 2008). And of course,  he has the support of Olli Rehn: the [15] enlargement goes on as usual. For brainwashed [16] illuminists (explanatory statement) simply cannot think otherwise. And they will certainly bring unreliable Sarkozy back on their disastrous track.

Report on [17] ANSAmed on June 26, 2008: The number of reported cases of torture in Turkish prisons has increased from 222 in 2006 to 310 in 2007!







Article printed from Euro-med: http://euro-med.dk

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URLs in this post:
[1] As: http://edition.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/europe/06/05/turkey.scarves/index.html
[2] EurActiv: http://www.euractiv.com/en/enlargement/turkey-tense-situation-raises-eu-concerns/article-172445
[3] here: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/2270642.stm
[4] here: http://www.thememriblog.org/turkey/blog_personal/en/2595.htm
[5] article 301: http://euro-med.dk/?p=960
[6] lately more scepticism: http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=SPEECH/08/257&format=HTML&aged=0&

[7] Turks losing trust in EU : http://www.euractiv.com/en/opinion/turkey-eu-public-thinks/article-171187
[8] according to the EU Observer: http://euobserver.com/9/26241
[9] blocked: http://www.pi-news.net/2008/06/franzosen-zum-tuerkeibeitritt-nichts-zu-sagen/
[10] Christian Waber: http://www.woz.ch/artikel/2008/nr23/schweiz/16454.html
[11] opened another 2 chapters: http://www.ansamed.info/en/top/ME12.YAM15182.html
[12] impossible: http://jp.dk/udland/article1371435.ece
[13] Sarkozy.
: http://euobserver.com/9/26363
[14] Günter Verheugen: http://www.bild.de/BILD/news/politik/2008/06/19/eu-krise/darf-tuerkei-beitritt-nicht-stoppen,geo=488

[15] enlargement goes on as usual: http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=SPEECH/08/350&format=HTML&aged=0&

[16] illuminists: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&reference=A6-2007-0356&language=EN

[17] ANSAmed: http://www.ansamed.info/en/top/ME11.YAM09313.html